The Bangladesh Government is to construct war memorial for Indian soldiers killed in 1971 war. The memorial is to be constructed in Ashuganj, Brahmanbaria bordering Tripura. This is mainly due to its significance in the Liberation War of 1971.

Highlights

Bangladesh has a war memorial on the outskirts of Dhaka for all martyrs. However, the proposed memorial is for the Indian soldiers alone. Bangladesh had earlier felicitated Indian soldiers posthumously and had also honoured the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi for their role in the Liberation war.

Bangladesh Liberation War

The Bangladesh Liberation war was an armed conflict that resulted in the independence of Bangladesh from Pakistan. The Bangladesh War began after West Pakistan launched Operation Searchlight against the people of East Pakistan in 1971.

Operation Searchlight

The Operation Searchlight was a planned military operation carried out by Pakistan Army in East Pakistan. The operation was launched to control the Bengali independence movement. The Operation also began the 1971 Bangladesh Genocide.

1971 Bangladesh Genocide

The Genocide in Bangladesh began with Operation Searchlight. The Genocide killed between 300,00 and 3 million people and raped 200,000 to 400,000 women. It was carried out by the Pakistani military and the Islamist militia from Jamaat-e-Islami.

Awami League

In 1970 General Elections, the Awami League party gained 167 out of 169 seats in the East Pakistan Legislative Assembly. West Pakistan launched military operations fearing that the success of the party would allow Bengalis to draft constitution based on liberalism.

The Awami League was established as Bengali alternative for the Muslim domination in East Pakistan.

India in the war

India entered the war after Pakistan launched “Operation Chengiz Khan” striking 11 Indian airfields. The Operation also included artillery strikes on Indian positions in Kashmir. The airfields include Agra, Ambala, Amritsar, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Bhuj, Pathankot, Srinagar, Awantipur, Uttarlai, etc. The war lasted between India and Pakistan for 13 days.

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