The National Statistical Office recently released the Envistats India 2020 report. The report says that the number of heat wave days in 2019 increased over 80%. The report was prepared by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. The National Statistical Office (NSO) operates under this ministry.

Key Findings of the report

  • The average number of heat wave days increased 82.6%. It was 157 in 2019.
  • The highest number of heat wave days was recorded in Rajasthan followed by Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
  • The number of average cold wave days had also increased. It was 45 in 2018 and 29 in 2017.
  • The deaths due to acute respiratory infection in 2018 were 3,740. This was the highest in six years. The highest number of deaths due to respiratory infection were reported in West Bengal.
  • The Particulate Matter size was the highest in Delhi among the metropolitan cities.
  • The tube well and hand pump were the primary source of drinking water in rural India with a share of 53.8%. On the other hand, piped water, public tap, stand pipe were the primary source in urban areas with a share of 65%
  • Among Urban Areas, Daman and Diu had the highest share of households in choosing bottled water as drinking water source.
  • Delhi had the highest number of registered motor vehicles in the country followed by Bengaluru.
  • Andhra Pradesh had the highest number of slum population followed by Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh

Deaths due to Heat Waves

The deaths due to heat wave in 2019 saw a sharp jump from 26 in 2018 to 373 in 2019. However, it was slightly lower than 375 in 2017. In 2015, the number of deaths due to heat waves were 2081, 510 in 2016.

Current Scenario

India needs to redouble its national sustainability efforts. The country needs to focus largely on biodiversity, climate change and air and water quality. India ranked 168 in the Environment Performance Index, 2020. It measured the environment performance of 180 countries.

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