On August 5, 2020, the day when the Union Territories (UTs) Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh celebrated their one year of formation, the Lieutenant Governor of J&K resigned. He sent his letter of resignation to President Ram Nath Kovind.

Highlights

Mr Murmu was appointed as the LG of the state of Jammu and Kashmir after its formation under Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019. He was a 1985 batch IAS officer from Gujarat. He was a secretary at Ministry of Finance prior to his appointment as LG. He had also served as secretary to PM Modi when he served as CM of Gujarat.

Article 239

The Article 239 of Indian Constitution says that every Union Territory in India shall be administered by the President through a Lieutenant Governor (LG) appointed by him. Unlike Governors who are constitutional heads of the states, LG is an administrator.

How is a LG different from a Governor?

The powers and functions of the Governor and LG are more or less the same. However, the powers of LG are wider than that of the Governors. This is because, a Governor acts solely on the advice of the council of ministers in the state. And on the other hand, a LG need not take the approval of the council of ministers on every matter.

Delhi and Puducherry

The Union Territories J&K, Delhi and Puducherry are the only three UTs in the country that have democratically elected governments just like other Indian states. The other UTs are administered by the LG.

The Chief Ministers of these territories are appointed by the President and not by the LG. The Chief Ministers of states on the other hand are appointed by the respective governors of the state.

The LG of Delhi is guided by Transaction of Business of the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Rules, 1993 and Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991. The LG of Puducherry is guided by the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963.

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