ANU UG/Degree 1st Sem Principles of Psychology Important Questions ( Multidisciplinary Course)

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UNIT-I

Introduction: Definition, Origin of psychology, Psychology as a scientific study of behavior, applied fields of psychology Biological bases of behavior Sensory and perceptual processes: Structure and function of visual and auditory senses; Attention: selective, sustained and divided attention. Perception: Nature and determinants; Perceptual constancies

Short Answer Questions:

  1. What is the definition of psychology?
  2. When did psychology originate as a scientific discipline?
  3. What does it mean to study psychology as a science?
  4. What are some of the applied fields of psychology?
  5. What is the role of the biological basis of behavior in psychology?

Long Answer Questions:

  1. Discuss the structure and function of the visual and auditory senses, and explain how they contribute to our perception of the world.
  2. Explain the difference between selective, sustained, and divided attention, and discuss the factors that influence our ability to attend to information.
  3. Analyze the nature and determinants of perception, and explain how perceptual constancies allow us to perceive objects as stable and consistent despite changes in our environment.
  4. Discuss the biological basis of attention and perception, and explain how these processes are influenced by neural activity in the brain

UNIT-II

Emotion and Motivation: Nature of emotion; components of emotions. Theories of emotion: James-Lange, Cannon-Bard and Schachter-Singer. Motivation: Nature and types; Maslow’s hierarchy model

Short Answer Questions:

  1. What are the components of emotions?
  2. Explain the James-Lange theory of emotion.
  3. What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation?
  4. Explain Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
  5. What is the role of emotion in motivation?

Long Answer Questions:

  1. Discuss the nature of emotion and the different theories that attempt to explain how emotions are generated.
  2. Compare and contrast the James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, and Schachter-Singer theories of emotion.
  3. Analyze the different types of motivation and how they influence our behavior.
  4. Evaluate Maslow's hierarchy of needs and its relevance to understanding human motivation.
  5. Discuss the interplay between emotion and motivation in shaping our thoughts, feelings, and actions.

UNIT-III

Individual differences: Learning and memory: Learning – Definition, Classical and instrumental conditioning: principles of classical conditioning, schedules of reinforcement, Memory - Sensory, short-term and long-term memory; forgetting and its causes Personality - Trait and type approaches; assessment of personality. Intelligence: Concept of IQ and measurement

Short Answer Questions:

  1. What are the principles of classical conditioning?
  2. What are the different types of reinforcement schedules?
  3. What is the difference between sensory, short-term, and long-term memory?
  4. What are the causes of forgetting?
  5. What are the trait and type approaches to personality?
  6. What is IQ and how is it measured?

Long Answer Questions:


  1. Discuss the nature and process of classical and instrumental conditioning, and explain their role in learning.
  2. Analyze the different types of memory and their functions in the storage and retrieval of information.
  3. Evaluate the different theories of personality and their methods of assessment.
  4. Discuss the concept of intelligence, the different approaches to measuring intelligence, and the factors that influence intelligence.
  5. Analyze the interplay between learning, memory, personality, and intelligence in shaping individual differences.
 
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