Teaching Students About Ancient Egyptian Education


Ancient Egyptian civilization is widely known for its extensive knowledge of science, mathematics, and architecture. It is also famous for its education system, which laid the foundation for modern educational practices. Teachers today can teach their students about ancient Egyptian education, which can inspire and motivate them to explore the subjects further.

Ancient Egyptian education system was built on the foundation of religion and philosophy. The education system was divided into two categories: formal and informal. Formal education was imparted to the children of nobles and high-ranking officials, whereas informal education was for the rest of the populace.

The formal education system was structured in a way that was similar to today’s educational system. It comprised three levels of education. The first level was the primary school, known as the “House of Books.” Children between the ages of 5 and 12 received education on reading, writing, and arithmetic by their parents or tutors.

The second level was the secondary school, where children between the ages of 12 and 18 learned advanced subjects such as mathematics, science, and astronomy. Teachers who taught these subjects were highly respected, and their teachings were documented in manuscript form.

The third level of education was the university or the “House of Life.” It was exclusively for the elite classes, where they studied astronomy, medicine, and theology. Students had to pass strict entrance exams to get admitted to the university. After completing their studies, they would become teachers, scribes or priests.

The informal education system was less structured, but it prevailed throughout the country. It was based on practical knowledge and apprenticeships. It involved learning activities such as farming, metalworking, pottery, and construction.

Teachers can teach their students about ancient Egyptian education by incorporating it into various subjects. They can incorporate it into history, literature, language, and math. For example, in history, students can learn about the age of the pyramids and the great architects of the time, such as Imhotep, who designed the first pyramid i.e. the Step Pyramid. In language, students can learn hieroglyphics, the ancient Egyptian language, which was an essential part of communication.

In conclusion, teaching students about ancient Egyptian education can help them connect with the past and understand how modern education systems evolved. They can learn about the various levels of education, subjects taught, and teaching methods used. It can motivate them to explore subjects like science, math, and literature further. While ancient Egypt is a fascinating era, it plays an integral part in shaping the modern-day education system.

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